The Goodridge Freedom House and
Underground Railroad Museum
123 East Philadelphia Street, York, PA 17401
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
1
Table of Contents
William C. Goodridge’s Biography ……………………………………………….. Page 2
William C. Goodridge’s Entrepreneurship ………………………………………... Page 3
William C. Goodridge and the Underground Railroad …………………………… Page 4
Historic Recognition ………………………………………………………………. Page 5
Money Raised ……………………………………………………………………… Page 6
Renovations Completed……………………………………………………………..Page 7
Improvements for 2014-2015………………………………………………………..Page 8
Future Improvements...………………………………………………………………Page 9
The Dempwolf Connection ……………….…………………………………...…… Page 10
Building and Programming Plans…………………………………………………….Page 12
Contact Information ……………………………………………………......…….… Page 13
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
2
Biographical Information:
Born in Baltimore in 1805
Slave for first six years of his life
Sent to York, PA at age six
Apprenticed for a tanner
Given his freedom at age sixteen
Left York, and then returned between 1823-1825 as a trained barber.
Married Evalina (Emily) Wallace, a freed slave, in 1827. They would
have seven children together.
Became a successful barber, businessman, and station master through his
work with the underground railroad
Evalina died in 1852, and financial hard times came that would result in the loss or sale
of almost all of Goodridge's assets by 1859.
He and his family fled to Minnesota when the confederacy invaded York in 1863. He
died in Minneapolis 1873.
Importance:
A major conductor of the underground railroad and a successful black businessman
Hundreds or thousands of escaped slaves were helped by him
His properties were used as stations for slaves, and his rail cars had hidden compartments
for them.
He was good friends with William Still,
the father of the underground railroad
of Philadelphia.
Helped Osborne Perry Anderson (a
participant in the Harper's Ferry raid),
as well as three participants in the
Christiana Riots.
A mural of William C. Goodridge (left)
With William Lee Smallwood on right
The Globe Inn
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
3
Entrepreneurship:
Established a barber shop on Centre Square
Added a candy business to his barber shop in 1830
Began to sell European toys in 1835
Introduced the first daily newspaper to York
Began the Goodridge Reliance Line in 1842, which had thirteen
railroad cars
In 1847, built Centre Hall, the first five story building in York
Owned twenty properties
One property was a Lancasterian School, an institution for
colored children where his son taught as the first African
American school teacher in York
Publicly displayed his Christmas Tree (fourth oldest known
instance of a public Christmas Tree display in York)
Assets and personal holdings probably exceeded $50,000 mid-
nineteenth-century dollars (over one million 2009 dollars)
Ad for Goodridge’s “Reliance Line”
Ad for “Fancy Articles”
Ad for tickets to see Christmas Tree
Centre Hall
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
4
Goodridge House Cellar
Underground Railroad Activity
York County’s southern border was on the Mason and Dixon Line, the line that divided
the North and the South, which made it a hotbed for UR activity and an especially risky
place to aid escaped slaves.
Goodridge helped a substantial number of slaves escape by utilizing secret areas in his
home, businesses, and railroad cars.
Goodridge transported slaves as far as Philadelphia using his railroad cars. He aided the
escape of three Christiana-Riot participants, as well as a participant in the raid on
Harper's Ferry.
Of the 18 sites recognized by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission as
being associated with the Underground Railroad, the Goodridge House is the only
remaining house in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that was owned by an ex-slave
who was instrumental in the Underground Railroad.
Underground Railroad Routes
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
5
Historic recognition
Goodridge historic marker put in place in 1987
After professional research and verification, the National Park Service of the Department
of the Interior the gold standard for such designations in 2002 officially designated
the house as being a stop on the Underground Railroad. The Goodridge House is now an
official part of the National Park Service's Network to Freedom program.
The house is an official site of the state's Quest for Freedom program.
The house is an official site of the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails program.
National register of historic places
Lancaster York Heritage Region Program
Information panel in front of the
Goodridge House
William Lee Smallwood was
instrumental in securing the
Historic Marker in 1987
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
6
Money Raised
2013 Preservation Grant from the Louis J. Appell Fund for Central Pennsylvania $15,000
2013 York County Community Foundation 1,000
2013 Rehmeyer Trust 5,000
2013 Wingstock Festival 10,000
Current Project $30,000
2014 York County Commissioners $25,000
2014 Wingstock Festival $10,000
2015 Wingstock Festival $10,000
2015 PHMC $37,589
SOURCES OF INCOME
Amount
Designation
CDBG
City
85,000
Construction
PA Humanities Council
PA
500
Planning
Keystone Historic Preservation
Fund
PA
85,500
Construction
Columbia Gas
Private
2,650
Construction
National Endowment for the Arts
Fed
10,000
Architecture
Community Revitalization Grant
PA
50,000
Planning
Junior League of York
Local
10,000
Misc/Administrative
DCNR w/ LYHR
PA
15,000
Museum
DCED
PA
10,000
Marketing
Dept of the Interior, National URR
Fed
25,000
Construction
Dept of the Interior, National URR
Fed
50,000
Construction
National Trust for Historic
Preservation
Fed
948
Educational Outreach
URR Presentation, HACC
Private
200
Misc/Administrative
Rehmeyer Trust
Private
4,000
Construction
Puffin Foundation
Private
600
Emancipation Proclamation
Celebration
Donations and Fundraising
Private
9,363
Misc/Administrative
Norfolk Southern
Private
1,500
Misc/Administrative
CAA Board Challenge
Private
5,000
NPS match
CAA Board match
Private
5,000
NPS Match
Cindy Leiphart speaking at
Elizabethtown College
Private
50
Misc/Administrative
Boulding Speakers series
Private
1,215
Misc/Administrative
Don Brown Foundation
Private
1,500
Misc/Administrative
Total Income
373,026
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
7
Work Completed
Recent renovations began in 2004 on building stabilization and exhibit preparation. We
gradually invested $373,000 in the property. These funds were used to:
Add support beams to the first floor to support tour groups
Removed the large addition and fire escape
Replaced the 3
rd
floor fire escape door with a custom built window to match others
Investigated and historically restored the summer kitchen
Replication of missing windows
Replaced the deteriorated balcony with a new one by sistering the joists to the 2
nd
story
floorboards
New gutters and downspouts (original were wood)
ADA compliant rear entry plaza with planter, handicap parking and security fence
New metal roof and slate shingle repairs
Flashing repairs at skylight and replica stained glass insert
Rear parking lot re-sloped and paved
Glass viewing portal into secret cellar way
Wall paper stripped, horsehair plaster repairs throughout first floor, priming (later damaged by
water infiltration)
Pre-wiring of AV exhibit with 3 screen viewing and surround sound
Then came Hurricane Irene in 2011 and Hurricane Sandy in 2012 which deposited record setting
amounts of water in our area. As plaster started falling from the walls of the first floor several
consultants were called in to investigate and find a cure for the problem. That resulted in re-
doing much of the work that was already completed, including:
Tearing up the brick patio and installing drains and waterproofing twice
Changing the patio to concrete
Painted bricks
Replaced basement entrance and added drain
Replaced gutters and downspouts
Recent storms brought additional concerns with bricks tumbling from the chimney, slate
damaged from the neighbor’s tree, and general painting needs
Chimney was rebuilt
HVAC system installed
New wiring installed
Floor coverings and ceilings removed from second floor
Summer kitchen exterior primed and ready to paint
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
8
Needed Improvements
Whole House
New sprinkler system required by codes. Misting System would prevent water damage.
Exterior
Install intercom to front door
Install Knox box by front door
Repair front stairs
Paint Exterior
Repair 3
rd
floor window sills
Slate roof repairs from tree
Gutter and fascia repairs
Chimney repairs - completed
New downspout in front of house
Paint summer kitchen - primed
Remove tree
Stairway
Install skylight
Install Goodridge Brothers full size picture at top of stairs
Paint
Have new heating grate made and installed
Refinish railing and stairs
First Floor
Re-plaster walls
Re-prime walls
Paint first floor ceiling and walls
Install lighting and other electrical (and basement)
Clean and re-hang chandelier
Install HVAC system - completed
Refinish doors
Repair/install or refinish hardwood floors in front rooms
Install security/fire alarm system
Install multi-media equipment (and basement)
Purchase and install “pictures” for multi-media presentation
Install new floor in kitchen
Purchase portable handicap ramp for bathroom
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
9
Window coverings
Purchase and install furnishings and displays
Internet access for library area
Cabinetry and exhibit case goods
Resource books
Benches for interactive area, dining room
Rugs
Print and frame family pictures for hallway
Second Floor
Clean out construction debris in floor joists - completed
Install new hardwood floors
Install 2 HVAC units - completed
Install new wiring units - completed
Install new lighting
Remove wall paper
Prime walls
Paint walls
Third floor
Repair walls and floor
Prime walls
Paint walls
Internet/phone access
New wiring
Install restroom
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
10
The Dempwolf Connection
Crispus Attucks Association became
owner of the stately Colonial Revival
House in 1993 thru the efforts of Robert
Pullo, Bobby Simpson and William Lee
Smallwood. Their vision to create a
museum that details the life and
accomplishments of William C.
Goodridge, an Afro-American business
man who successfully operated a store and
other businesses on York’s Centre Square
before & during the American Civil War.
Though several structures around York are
known to serve on The Underground
Railroad, only 2 are conclusively identified
by the National Park Service; one is
Goodridge Freedom House. Pennsylvania Historic Museum Commission placed a marker at 123
East Philadelphia Street identifying this prominence. Goodridge moved from York in 1866 to
Michigan, where he died several years later.
In 1897, Reinhardt Dempwolf acquired the Goodridge site. A partner with brother J. A.
Dempwolf’s architectural firm, Reinhardt experienced the fine styles of old world architecture
while a student in Paris and on a European tour. He recalled striking structures from this
experience, and crafted flavorful architecture when returning to York. The latter 19
th
Century
was a boom time for York now being a City for 10 years, and experiencing radical growth.
Reinhardt extensively renovated the extant
property at 123 East Philadelphia Street
from a seemingly rustic late Colonial type
rural dwelling into a fine Townhome in
prominence with the new Golden Oak
sector of an emerging Downtown York. As
many structures of the Dempwolf firm took
on attributes of Queen Anne, Romanesque,
and Eastlake design, Reinhardt’s domicile
amassed the features of The Lamps of
Architecture and fine design, reflecting late
Georgian, Greek and Colonial motifs in the
appointments of the home. Using
re-purposed pieces of York properties from
the early-to-late period Colonial structures being razed for Dempwolf Commissions, he
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
11
integrated beautiful, unique elements from these, transforming the vernacular
c.1840’s home into a High Style residence for his family. The Late Federal
doorway and stoop was repurposed from 9 West Market Street, formerly the Vandersloot
property which was giving way to the new Gehly Building.
The interior was high style - its fashion reminiscent the
courtier parlors of Paris with some abeyance to Benjamin
Latrobe’s classical style dentiled cornices, coped
ceilings, leaf and band braided panel surrounds in the
front parlor of the high-styled home. Using elements
from other York homes from the 18
th
& 19
th
Century, the
utilization of such repurposed into this handsome yet
compact house, scaled sensibly; this property culling
many exquisite features from York’s past.
In 1994, the Goodridge House façade restoration attained
Historic York’s Award for outstanding renovation and
restoration. Seeing not only the contribution of William
Goodridge but of the younger Dempwolf designer, to
maintain and essentially restore the attributes and
aesthetics of this grand home. It interfaces with the
workings of the museum - but affixes the quality and
style Reinhardt Dempwolf placed into his City residence,
leaving it to build a suburban home in the early 1930’s.
Gargoyle found on chimney in attic.
Building and Programming Plans
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
12
An Interpretive Plan was completed in 2008 by Richard Banz and provides topics for the tour
guides to discuss in each room of
the Goodridge Freedom Center.
This plan is designed to be
modified by the various Living
History Guides who may be
playing a role of someone involved
with Goodridge during his time as a
conductor in the Underground
Railroad. The Pennsylvania
Academic Standards are addressed
in each room in order to assist
teachers in using the house as a
resource for achieving educational
requirements.
Contact Information
The Goodridge Freedom House and Underground Railroad Museum
The Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
13
Owner:
Crispus Attucks Association of York, Pennsylvania
605 South Duke Street
York, PA 17401-3111
Contact: Carol Kauffman
717-848-3610 x 230
ckauffman@crispusattucks.org
Architect:
David McIlnay, AIA LEED AP
DMArC
245 North 26
th
Street
Camp Hill, PA 17011
717.515.4873
dmcilnay@gmail.com
Contributions to the restoration of the Goodridge
Freedom House may be sent to:
Crispus Attucks Association of York, PA
613 South George Street
York, PA 17401
Attn: Carol Kauffman